Everything About Lucifer in Ancient Mythology

In Classical Latin, Lucifer was used as a translation of Greek Phosphoros (lit. “light-bearer”), a term for the morning star. It is first found in Varro and Cicero.

stella Veneris, quae Φωσφόρος Graece Lucifer Latine dicitur cum antegreditur solem, cum subsequitur autem Ἕσπερος (De Natura Deorum, 2.53
“The star of Venus, called in Greek Phosphoros (the light-bringer) and in Latin Lucifer when it precedes the sun, but when it follows it Hesperos.” (Phosphorus, Morning Star)

The term lucifer comes from the Latin lux (light) and ferre (to bear); and its corresponding Latin names are Luna and Vesper. The accusations of luciferian-worshipping theosophists are put into irrefutable dispute, and the issue has been settled. Those who instigate are but bald liars. The term Lucifer only appears once in Isaiah (14:12), in the entire Torah.

Why is Lucifer read as the Devil and Satan the so-called “Lord of Darkness,” in Isaiah 14? Leave this to the hymn-makers that claim it does to prove it. Will it then surprise them to find their God being made to say, it is also surrounded by a pavilion of darkness, as its covering (Psalm 18:11).

Furthermore, lucifer was transliterated from the Hebrew helel (bright or brilliant one), because the King James Version was based on the Latin Vulgate of Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus). This is the fact to discern from Isaiah 14:12-18: Isaiah 14:12-18 clearly refers to a man, not an archangel, and this man and king was the monarch or king of Babylon, whom the writer of Isaiah is jeering at, and which the term star in Hebrew figuratively refers to as monarch or king. The traditional role of Sat’an is nothing but an accuser in the court of god, and this theoi is the infernal aspect of The God.

Revelations 2:28 promises ὁ ἀστὴρ ὁ πρωϊνός in the original Greek, which comes to mean stella matutina, or morning star to those who persevere. So, how can the stella matutina be a principle of evil incarnate in an archangel, if in Revelation 22:16, Jesus is made to call himself ὁ ἀστὴρ ὁ λαμπρὸς καὶ ὀρθρινός, “the bright morning star?” Christos is the divine light, while Lucifer is originally that same divine light, having become terrestrial light fallen into generation, and later into man, as the mind-principle, their discriminating-principle. Thus is the dawn of intellect.

This is a common theme in mythology, and Christianity is not exempt.

Here is the Exsultet chant in praise of the paschal candle in the Roman Rite, which calls Christ the Morning Star, using the Latin word, lucifer:

Flammas eius lucifer matutinus inveniat:
ille, inquam, lucifer, qui nescit occasum,
Christus Filius tuus qui,
regressus ab inferis,
humano generi serenus illuxit,
et vivit et regnat in saecula saeculorum.
May this flame be found still burning
by the Morning Star:
the one Morning Star who never sets,
Christ your Son,
who, coming back from death’s domain,
has shed his peaceful light on humanity,
and lives and reigns for ever and ever.

In the English stanza of the Litany of Loreto, our Blessed Virgin Mary who is our modern Ishtar, Venus, Aphrodite, and Isis is invoked as “Stella matutina” (Morning Star):

Mary Immaculate, Star of the Morning,
Chosen before the creation began,
Destined to bring, through the Light of your Dawning,
Conquest of Satan, and rescue to Man.

SATAN THE ATTORNEY OF GOD AND TESTER OF MAN

Satan means adversary, and there is no evidence that the adversary was considered a literal force or anthropomorphic god that opposes יְהֹוָה to the extent Satan has been made in the popular imagination and interpretations. Sat’an is an attorney in the court of God, one of the Bene Elohim בני האלהים, an angel of God, whom God sends to tempt man in its original context. It is forbidden to therefore curse Sat’an, according to the Talmud.

The idea of two opposing powers comes from the Zoroastrians, which itself is however not a dualist religion. God is made to say in Isaiah: “I form light and create darkness, I make weal and create woe; I the Lord do all these things” (Isaiah 45:7). The Persian idea is strung throughout the New Testament with its reference to rebellious daivas.

THE MORNING STAR: CHRIST AND HEYLEL

The Tanakh and New Testament exhibit two fundamentally different conceptions, as in the Torah’s references to Satan, Satan is presented as an attorney (accuser) under God. So, why is it still centuries later established to conflate Isaiah 14:12 and Luke 10:18, when it is said:

“He said to them, I watched Satan fall from heaven like a flash of lightning.”

Yet Jesus in Revelations is made to say:

“It is I, Jesus, who sent my angel to you with this testimony for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.” — Revelation 2 2:16.

“So we have the prophetic message more fully confirmed. You will do well to be attentive to this as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.” — 2 Peter 1:19.

It would read, “I am the root and the descendant of David, הֵילֵל lucifer”; and “until the day dawns and הֵילֵל lucifer rises in your hearts.” Jesus Christ is obviously הֵילֵל the morning-star in the ancient mysticism concerning the process of henōsis (lit. “mystic union,” i.e., the Yoga of the Greeks).

LUCIFER IN ASTRO-THEOLOGY

Astronomically, the planet Venus (lucifer) orbit lies between the orbit of Earth and the Sun (Christōs, the Son). Venus never rises high in the sky at night, though outshining Jupiter and Saturn. In the mythology of the Canaanites, they thus have a story about Ashtar (Ishtar), who fails to take over the throne of Baal, or Bel, whose exoteric symbol is the Sun. In the Greek mythology of Ἓσπερος hesperos (the evening star) and Φωσφόρος eosphoros (lucifer or phosphoros), it was adopted from the Babylonians, as two principles of the same Great God. They also adopted the system of identifying them with the planets.

The Life of Adam and Eve (Vita Adami et Evae) called the Apocalypse of Moses is a Jewish pseudepigraphical work; and in it we find the legend that is shared in the Qur’an that Satan conveyed to Adam and Eve, that his fall is due to refusing to worship Adam. This misinterpretation is rooted in drawing out ideas from Isaiah. The ideas of Apocalypse may also be traced to interpretations of conditions resulting in physiological and psychological pain during the despair of the Israelites. These ideas come from Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha texts. Further, also in the 17th century English poet, John Milton’s Paradise Lost we encounter the equating of Lucifer’s fall with “pride,” identifying him as the first angel to “disobey” God.

The title morning-star was ascribed to the Roman Venus, or Virgin of the Sea and other Divine Mother goddesses, such as the Semitic Akkadian Ishtar (Hebrew. Ashtoreth; Gr. Astarte), and the Christian Holy Virgin, Mary.

Lucifer in the Greek is Eôsphoros Εωσφορος or “bringer of dawn,” aside Hesperos Ἑσπερος “bringer of evening,” which Hesiod in his Theogony relates as the gods of the planet Venus. Satan (in Luke 10:18) and Christôs, the ‘Son of Man’ (in Matthew 24:27 and Luke 17:24) are both connected with lightning, and it is common to associate any mention of light with Satan, and the personal Devil in the Christian lore.

As to the phenomena and study of light, this isn’t evil. The phenomena of lightning by the Hebrews was associated with the coming of the divine presence (שכינה shekinah); and esoteric philosophy teaches that all life are integrally part of the living Universe, where cosmic electro-magnetism is the corporeal vitality of the cosmic nous νοῦς or deity (see Emanation and Fohat as the basis for the Electric Universe, Theosophy Forward).

“The truth is: light and life is God and Father, whence Man is begotten. If, therefore, you realize yourself as being from life and light and that you have been made out of them, you will return to life.” (The Corpus Hermeticum)

THE MYTH OF THE REBELLIOUS ANGELS

There was never a such thing as a literal “war in heaven.” The birth of the cosmos did not begin with angels spontaneously being born out the ass of Space, and later leading to a war, led by a rebellious angel.

World mythologies retell this story many ways.

The theme of the rebellious angel is common in mythology, even in China, in the myth, e.g., of Sun Wukong during the Song dynasty (960–1279 C.E.). Just like this modern pretender to Gnosis — this “Christianism” — Brahmanism shares the same mythology with the Persian Zoroastrians, about gods that were once holy, and became demonic. The differences from the suras and asuras is the same as the angels and demons in the mythical Judeo-Christian ‘war in heaven.’

SYMPATHY FOR PROMETHEUS

In the case of Zeus or Jove, he is depicted in many ways. In the Promethean myth, Zeus is the Olympian tyrant and autocrat. He rules madly, as tyrannical as his titan-father, Kronos — representing “Infinite Time.” The pantheon of the Athenians was built to be a democracy, where the gods shared their rule with its godhead, Zeus. Zeus creates mankind from clay, but leaving the creation unfinished, and without mind. Prometheus, wanted to steal the sacred fire of Zeus, and infuse into the new creation their animation; but just as in the Bible, the gods did not want man to have the knowledge. For the crime of Prometheus stealing the fire, he is eternally punished to disembowelment of his insides on Mount Caucasus, whereby he is rejuvenated to repeatedly endure this suffering. Prometheus is mankind, a symbol of intellectual & INDIVIDUAL liberty or REASON.

He is mankind, who is caught in conflict between our two natures.

The myth of Lucifer is similar to this myth. Hence, he stands as the mind-principle, which we suffer from in our ignorance of its higher nature, and wisdom, which the New Testament terms the Logos. It is also the mind, we say, that saves us from that stagnation, and brutish nature of the animal. It’s just a perspective about a fictional myth.

LUCIFER A FICTIONAL DEITY COBBLED FROM OLD MYTHS
  • No Biblical basis for Lucifer;
  • Prometheus is the prototype for lucifer;
  • Prometheus is an unjustly treated literary character;
  • Lucifer, or heylel, is in the Greek — eosphoros;
  • The Morning Star is Venus, and the myth splits its light into heosphoros and eosphoros;
  • These gods can be traced back to the pre-Hesiodic Theogony;
  • The great Virgin-Goddesses (Venus, Aphrodite, Astarte, Isis, Nature, &c) were also called “The Morning Star,” titles and attributes now transferred to the Virgin Mary, or Christian “Queen of Heaven.”
OCCULTISTS AND ALCHEMISTS ON THE ASTRAL LIGHT AND LUCIFER

“Whatever crushes individuality is despotism, by whatever name it may be called, and whether it professes to be enforcing the will of God, or the injunctions of men.” (John Stuart Mill, 1806-1873)

Lucifer is not seen as an entity, or devil, in the ecclesiastical sense of the belief. Lucifer in The Secret Doctrine is identified with the Aether (Αἰθήρ) or Akasa in its highest aspect. It is termed the “Sidereal Light” (Paracelsus and the Medieval Alchemists), or the “Astral Light” (Eliphas Lévi) in its lower apsect. It is the “lower dregs” of the Aether. This Aether (not quite the ether of 19th science) is also called the Mysterium Magnum, or the Matrix of the Universe, “from which all that exists is born by differentiation.” (The Secret Doctrine, Vol. 2., pg. 511.). Mankind determines the reaction of the great magical agent, or “Sidereal Virgin.”

Man causes the fall of the Celestial Virgin, but she — metaphorically speaking — is beneficent to all who stir her heart and soul, pg. 511 goes on to read, instead of attracting the shadowy side of her essence, called the “fatal light,” by Eliphas Lévi, which “kills and destroys.” Sounding less like a nefarious Luciferian, despite critics, H.P.B. states, that ‘Humanity can overpower and master its effects, only by the living of a Holy life, and producing good causes.’ This principle light of nature, she identifies with the sixth and seventh principles at once; which she also in another place, identified Christōs, as the seventh principle, or the non-dual Spirit. When it has been said, that the Logos is Satan, it is a reference to the operations of Matter and centrifugal force, and the double mode of Universal Motion.

The Astral Light (ibid., pg. 513) in full context in quotations:

“…that is to say, through every point of Infinite Space thrill the magnetic and electrical currents of animate Nature, the life-giving and death-giving waves, for death on earth becomes life on another plane. Lucifer is divine and terrestrial light, the “Holy Ghost” and “Satan,” at one and the same time, visible Space being truly filled with the differentiated Breath invisibly; and the Astral Light, the manifested effects of the two who are one, guided and attracted by ourselves, is the Karma of humanity, both a personal and impersonal entity: personal, because it is the mystic name given by St. Martin to the Host of divine Creators, guides and rulers of this planet; impersonal, as the Cause and effect of universal Life and Death.” (ibid., pg. 513)

This is purely metaphysical.

The Light-Bearer is defined as the Mind, the tempter and redeemer from animalism:

“And now it stands proven that Satan, or the Red Fiery Dragon, the “Lord of Phosphorus” (brimstone was a theological improvement), and Lucifer, or “Light-Bearer,” is in us: it is our Mind — our tempter and Redeemer, our intelligent liberator and Saviour from pure animalism. Without this principle — the emanation of the very essence of the pure divine principle Mahat (Intelligence), which radiates direct from the Divine mind — we would be surely no better than animals. (…) Without this quickening spirit, or human Mind or soul, there would be no difference between man and beast; as there is none, in fact, between animals with respect to their actions.” (ibid., pg. 513)

“The Verbum, or the “Son,” was shown in a dual aspect by the Pagan Gnostics — in fact, he was a duality in full unity. Hence, the endless and various national versions (…) The Greeks had Jupiter, the son of Chronos, the Father, who hurls him down into the depths of Kosmos. The Aryans had Brahma (in later theology) precipitated by Siva into the Abyss of Darkness, etc., etc. But the fall of all these Logoi and Demiurgi from their primitive exalted position, had in all cases one and the same esoteric signification in it; the curse — in its philosophical meaning — of being incarnated on this earth. (…) To say, as the author of the Esprits Tombes des Paiens (p. 347) does, that since “Christianity is made to rest on two pillars, that of evil ([[ponerou]]), and of good [[agathou]]; on two forces, in short, [[agathai kai kakai dunameis]]: hence, if we suppress the punishment of the evil forces, the protecting mission of the good Powers will have neither value nor sense” — is to utter the most unphilosophical absurdity. If it fits in with, and explains Christian dogma, it obscures the facts and truths of the primitive wisdom of the ages. The cautious hints of Paul have all the true esoteric meaning, and it took centuries of scholastic casuistry to give them the present false colouring in their interpretation. The verbum and Lucifer are one in their dual aspect; and the “Prince of the Air” (princeps aeris hujus) is not the “God of that period,” but an everlasting principle [i.e., Mūlaprakṛti]. If the latter was said to be ever circling around the world — qui circumambulat terram — the great Apostle referred simply to the never-ceasing cycles of human incarnations, in which evil will ever predominate unto the day when Humanity is redeemed by the true divine Enlightenment which gives the correct perception of things.” (ibid., pg. 515)


Articles going philosophically in-depth into lucifer and satan

[1] Anna Kingsford Statements on Satan in The Secret Doctrine I
[2] Anna Kingsford Statements on Satan in The Secret Doctrine II
[3] H.P. Blavatsky corrects Eliphas Levi about the Astral light and Lucifer 
[4] Lucifer and Satan in The Secret Doctrine Introduction
[5] Lucifer and Satan in The Secret Doctrine
[6] The Scapegoat of Orthodoxy: Satanism, Occultism and Gnosticism

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