The Ancient Legends of Lost Races of Giants

There have long existed myths, folklore, and archaeological digs and hoaxes surrounding the tales of giants. In India and amongst the Celts, Welsh, Greeks, Norse, Persians, and Jewish lore, there are legends of prehistoric races of giants, or the gigantic stature of humans. The main issue we take with the reason why people want to prove the existence of giants, is that they only want to view it from the Biblical viewpoint, concerning “fallen nephilim” and rephaim who were said to mate with humans. So, from this, the conspiracy derives about bloodlines, hollow earth theorists, etc. Just as stated, there are different myths and legends about the giants, and there is no reason to prioritize the Jewish account over the others myths.

The lore of giants remains apart of fringe history, due to the credulity of many of us, and those doubting it are ignored. It is considered, because of the serious claim made of it, by several classical renowned men, including K.H. and M. in the Mahatma Papers. No contemporary Theosophist ever seems to doubt it, or consider, that maybe these men were just convinced by the fantasy of the mythical lore, but this would discount the fact, that they say, they have or seen evidences of their existence. This is never satisfactory to people, who in suffering reputably the perception of being a crackpot by the larger scientific community or their peers.

Unfortunately, as stated, there are too many hoaxes that have already been uncovered, but remain passed around by “fringe historians” — that categorical designation of Hel, because of the coldness of scientists to such persons. For example, the Grand Canyon myth about a Tibetan-style underground civilization in the Arizona Gazette (April, 1909) is a hoax. The characters in the story never existed, and there is no evidence whatsoever that the cave in question ever existed.


  1. Too many hoaxes (lack of concrete evidences);
  2. Theosophists aren’t archaeologists and anthropologists;
  3. They do not employ them, or approach theories through their processes.

The Secret Doctrine (1888) asserted things, even present-day students may think are absurdities, or unbelievable, but are the daily intrigue of many who keep passing around hoaxes and building it on religious beliefs. Is it all just a wild fantasy, especially of ancient peoples; or do the legends retain some fact of an ancient record of giants?

A glimpse of the logic of the claims put forth on lost history:

“It is a tradition among Occultists in general, and taught as an historical fact in Occult philosophy, that what is now Ireland was once upon a time the abode of the Atlanteans, emigrants from the submerged island mentioned by Plato. Of all the British Isles, Ireland is the most ancient by several thousands of years. Inferences and “working hypotheses” are left to the Ethnologists, Anthropologists and Geologists. The Masters and keepers of the old science claim to have preserved genuine records, and we Theosophists — i.e., most of us, believe it implicitly. Official Science may deny, but what does it matter? Has not Science begun by denying almost everything it accepts now?” (Helena P. Blavatsky, Miscellaneous Notes, Collected Writings, Vol. 11, pg. 304)

Evidently, the tone is always in her writings — “this is a fact.”


Vincente Hao Chin in Theosophical Encyclopedia (see Giants) —

“Helena P. BLAVATSKY, in her The Secret Doctrine, affirms the factual existence of giants in history. She adduces several reasons for considering such an allegation:

a. Existence of fossil bones of giants. Blavatsky cites that while the science of her time still did not validate the existence of bones of giants, she mentions various reports of such fossils, even among well-known personages such as Tertullian, Philostratus, Pliny, Herodotus, Diodorus Siculus, Homer, Plutarch, etc., some of whom saw the bones themselves.

b. Traditions and legends — Blavatsky regards the myths and legends of various cultures as not entirely fictitious but based on facts. Examples are the Danavas and Daityas of the Hindus; the Rakshasas of Ceylon; the Titans and Cyclops of the Greeks; and the Emims, Og, and Anakim of the Jews.

c. Relics of civilizations — there exists today colossal statues in the Easter Islands and Afghanistan (the Bamian statues) whom Blavatsky said were the relics of the giants before. She stated that the Bamian statues, the tallest of which is 173 feet high, and which were destroyed in 2001 by the fundamentalist Taliban government, depicted the sizes of human beings in the different root races. The stones of Stonehenge, Carnac and West Hoadley were also mentioned as evidences that those who arranged them were themselves huge to be able to move stones as heavy as 500 tons.

d. Biological reversion — Blavatsky takes the existence of extremely tall people today as examples of biological reversion to earlier types. She quotes Darwin who wrote that when different types of animals are cross-bred, they “always betray a tendency to revert to the original type” (SD II:277).

e. Esoteric teachings — using her own sources, Blavatsky states that esoteric teachings affirm that the earlier root races of humans were of such heights that we would consider them as giants, particularly the Atlanteans. The reported skeletons in the mounds of America that measures up to 11 feet high, are, if true, those of the early 5th root race humanity. The Easter Island statues belong to the 4th root race. Humanity, she says, will eventually revert back to its gigantic stature in accordance with the law of cycles (CW XIII:134).

“See it in what light you will — the world is yet in its first stage of disenthralment if not development, hence — unprepared.” (K.H., The Mahatma Letters, no. 1., October 15th, 1880.)

“(…) there is a silly arrogance in continuing to disdain something and to condemn it as false just because it seems unlikely to us. That is a common vice among those who think their capacities are above the ordinary.” (trans. by M.A. Screech; Michael de Montaigne, Essays: A Selection, I:27., pg. 74., Penguin Classics, 1993.)

“It will always be a subject of regret that history, rejecting a priori the actual existence of giants, has preserved us so little of the records of antiquity concerning them. Yet in nearly every mythology — which after all is ancient history — the giants play an important part.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2., pg. 754)


“And if the skeletons of the prehistoric ages have failed so far (which is positively denied) to prove undeniably in the opinion of science the claim here advanced, it is but a question of time. Moreover, as already stated, human stature is little changed since the last racial cycle. The Giants of old are all buried under the Oceans, and hundreds of thousands of years of constant friction by water would reduce to dust and pulverize a brazen, far more a human skeleton. But whence the testimony of well-known classical writers, of philosophers and men who, otherwise, never had the reputation for lying?” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2., pg. 277)


“And, as the very existence of those gigantic ancestors of ours is now questioned — though in the Himavats, on the very territory belonging to you we have a cave full of the skeletons of these giants — and their huge frames when found are invariably regarded as isolated freaks of nature (…)” (K.H., The Mahatma Letters, no. 1., October 15th, 1880.)


“It is at the entrance of some of these [viharas in Bamian] that five enormous statues, of what is regarded as Buddha, have been discovered or rather rediscovered in our century, as the famous Chinese traveller, Hiouen-Thsang, speaks of, and saw them, when he visited Bamian in the VIIth century (…) The Buddhist Arhats and Ascetics found the five statues, and many more, now crumbled down to dust (…) The largest is made to represent the First Race of mankind, its ethereal body being commemorated in hard, everlasting stone, for the instruction of future generations, as its remembrance would otherwise never have survived the Atlantean Deluge. The second — 120 feet high — represents the sweat-born; and the third — measuring 60 feet — immortalizes the race that fell, and thereby inaugurated the first physical race, born of father and mother, the last descendants of which are represented in the Statues found on Easter Isle; but they were only from 20 to 25 feet in stature at the epoch when Lemuria was submerged, after it had been nearly destroyed by volcanic fires. The Fourth Race was still smaller, though gigantic in comparison with our present Fifth Race, and the series culminated finally in the latter (…) These are, then, the ‘Giants’ of antiquity, the ante- and post-diluvian Gibborim of the Bible. They lived and flourished one million rather than between three and four thousand years ago.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2, pg. 338-340)


“(…) we may turn to the scientific journals of 1858, which spoke of a sarcophagus of giants found that year on the site of that same city. As to the ancient pagan writers — we have the evidence of Philostratus, who speaks of a giant skeleton twenty-two cubits long, as well as of another of twelve cubits (…) nevertheless, it was that of a giant, as well as that other one discovered by Messecrates of Stire, at Lemnos — ‘horrible to behold,’ according to Philostratus.

Is it possible that prejudice would carry Science so far as to class all these men as either fools or liars?

Pliny speaks of a giant in whom he thought he recognised Orion, the son of Ephialtes (Nat. Hist., vol. VII., ch. xvi.). Plutarch declares that Sertorius saw the tomb of Antaeus, the giant; and Pausanias vouches for the actual existence of the tombs of Asterius and of Geryon, or Hillus, son of Hercules — all giants, Titans and mighty men.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2, pg.)

“(…) the Abbe Pegues (cited in de Mirville’s Pneumatologie) affirms in his curious work on ‘The Volcanoes of Greece’ that ‘in the neighbourhood of the volcanoes of the isle of Thera, giants with enormous skulls were found laid out under colossal stones(…).’” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2, pg. 278)

“Certain excavations in America in mounds and in caves, have already yielded in isolated cases groups of skeletons of nine and twelve feet high. These belong to tribes of the early Fifth Race, now degenerated to an average size of between five and six feet. But we can easily believe that the Titans and Cyclopes of old really belonged to the Fourth (Atlantean) Race, and that all the subsequent legends and allegories found in the Hindu Puranas and the Greek Hesiod and Homer, were based on the hazy reminiscences of real Titans — men of a superhuman tremendous physical power(…).” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2, pg. 293)


“(…) these gigantic monuments are all symbolic records of the World’s history. They are not Druidical, but universal. Nor did the Druids build them, for they were only the heirs to the cyclopean lore left to them by generations of mighty builders (…) both good and bad. (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2, pg. 754.)

“(…) the rocking stones of Ireland, or those of Brinham, in Yorkshire (…) them are evidently the relics of the Atlanteans (…)” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2, pg. 347)

“(…) had there been no giants to move about such colossal rocks [as in a Stonehenge], there could never have been a Stonehenge (…) Who then, if not giants, could ever raise such masses (especially those at Carnac and West Hoadley), range them in such symmetrical order that they should represent the planisphere, and place them in such wonderful equipoise that they seem to hardly touch the ground, are set in motion at the slightest touch of the finger, and would yet resist the efforts of twenty men who should attempt to displace them. We say, that most of these stones are the relics of the last Atlanteans.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2, pg. 341-343)


“Easter Island was (…) taken possession of (…) by some Atlanteans; who, having escaped from the cataclysm which befell their own land, settled on that remnant of Lemuria only to perish thereon, when destroyed in one day by its volcanic fires and lava.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2, pg. 326)

“The Easter Island relics are, for instance, the most astounding and eloquent memorials of the primeval giants. They are as grand as they are mysterious; and one has but to examine the heads of the colossal statues, that have remained unbroken on that island, to recognize in them at a glance the features of the type and character attributed to the Fourth Race giants.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol 2. pg. 224)

“(…) most of the gigantic statues discovered on Easter Island, a portion of an undeniably submerged continent — as also those found on the outskirts of Gobi, a region which had been submerged for untold ages — are all between 20 and 30 feet high. The statues found by Cook on Easter Island measured almost all twenty-seven feet in height, and eight feet across the shoulders.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2., pg. 331)

“The Easter Isles in ‘mid Pacific’ present the feature of the remaining peaks of the mountains of a submerged continent, for the reason that these peaks are thickly studded with Cyclopean statues, remnants of the civilization of a dense and cultivated people, who must have of necessity occupied a widely extended area.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2., pg. 322)

“‘Even at the date of Cook’s visit, some of the [Easter Island] statues, measuring 27 feet in height and eight across the shoulders were lying overthrown, while others still standing appeared much larger. One of the latter was so lofty that the shade was sufficient to shelter a party of thirty persons from the heat of the sun. The platforms on which these colossal images stood averaged from thirty to forty feet in length, twelve to sixteen broad (…) all built of hewn stone in the Cyclopean style, very much like the walls of the Temple of Pachacamac, or the ruins of Tia-Huanuco in Peru…. THERE IS NO REASON TO BELIEVE THAT ANY OF THE STATUES HAVE BEEN BUILT UP, BIT BY BIT, BY SCAFFOLDING ERECTED AROUND THEM’ — adds the journal very suggestively — without explaining how they could be built otherwise, unless made by giants of the same size as the statues themselves.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2., pg. 337)


In the Book of Numbers 13:1 and 17 of the Jewish Torah, Adonai sends the tribes of Israel to go settle in Canaan, and ordering Moses to find it, the god says to Moses, to search the land, and this land is declared that of the “children of Israel.” Moses spied, and found they found the land abundant and rich, great walls, and a strong tribe, descendant of Anak, a giant (see Numbers 13:25-28; 30-32). After searching or scouting the land, they remark of the giants, or sons of Anak, that “we were in our sight as grasshoppers; and so we were in their sight.”

Biblical names associated with giant lore:

  1. Amalekites
  2. Amorites
  3. Anakims
  4. Ashdothites
  5. Aviums
  6. Avites
  7. Caphtorims
  8. Ekronites
  9. Emins
  10. Eshkalonites
  11. Gazathites
  12. Geshurites
  13. Gibeonites
  14. Giblites
  15. Girgashites
  16. Gittites
  17. Hittites
  18. Hivites
  19. Horims
  20. Horites
  21. Jebusites
  22. Kadmonites
  23. Kenites
  24. Kenizzites
  25. Maachathites
  26. Manassites
  27. Nephilim
  28. Perizzites
  29. Philistines
  30. Rephaims
  31. Sidonians
  32. Zamzummins (or Zuzim)
  33. Zebusites

As noted, that many giant versions of creatures today existed:

  1. spiders (e.g., the bird-eating spider, up to 12-inch leg span)
  2. moths (e.g., the Atlas moth, with a wing span of 11 inches)
  3. centipedes (up to 13 inches long)
  4. snails (e.g., the African giant snail, up to 15½ inches long)
  5. frogs (e.g. Beelzebufo, 16 inches high)
  6. dragonflies (e.g., Meganeura, with a wing span of more than 2½ feet)
  7. rats (e.g., Josephoartigasia, with a conservatively estimated body mass of 750 pounds)
  8. beavers (e.g., Trogontherium, about 7½ feet long)
  9. scorpions (e.g., the sea scorpion Jaekelopterus, estimated at more than 8 feet long)
  10. crabs (e.g., the giant spider crab, with a claw span more than 12 feet)
  11. armadillos (e.g., Glyptodon, up to 13 feet long)
  12. turtles (e.g., Archelon, up to 16 feet long)
  13. fish (e.g., Xiphactinus, 19 feet long)
  14. sloths (e.g., Megatherium, which stood about 20 feet)
  15. worms (e.g., the giant earthworm, up to 22 feet long)
  16. sea cows (e.g., Hydrodamalis, 25 feet or more in length)
  17. crocodiles (e.g., Sarcosuchus, up to 40 feet long)
  18. snakes (e.g., Titanoboa, over 42 feet long)
  19. crustaceans (e.g., supergiant amphipods 10 times larger than those previously discovered)
  20. squid (e.g., Mesonychoteuthis, 50 feet or more in length)
  21. sharks (e.g., Rhincodon, up to 65 feet long)
  22. octopuses with 100 foot long tentacles.

Blavatsky asked in The Secret Doctrine — “why not humans?”

“It is not, however, by the dead-letter of the Hebrew Bible that we shall check the tenets of the Secret Doctrine; but point out, rather, the great similarities between the two in their esoteric meaning. It is only after his defection from the Neo-Platonists, that Clement of Alexandria began to translate gigantes by serpentes, explaining that “Serpents and Giants signify Demons.” (Genesis, chapter v.) We may be told that, before we draw parallels between our tenets and those of the Bible, we have to show better evidence of the existence of the giants of the Fourth Race than the reference to them found in Genesis. We answer, that the proofs we give are more satisfactory, at any rate they belong to a more literary and scientific evidence, than those of Noah’s Deluge will ever be. Even the historical works of China are full of such reminiscences about the Fourth Race. ” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2., pg. 280)

“That no gigantic skeletons have been hitherto found in the “tombs” is yet no reason to say there never were the remains of giants in them. Cremation was universal till a comparatively recent period — some 80, or 100,000 years ago. The real giants, moreover, were nearly all drowned with Atlantis. Nevertheless, the classics, as shown elsewhere, often speak of giant skeletons still excavated in their day.”


“If we turn to the New World, we have traditions of a race of giants at Tarija on the eastern slopes of the Andes and in Ecuador, who combated gods and men. These old beliefs, which term certain localities (…) “the fields of giants,” are always concomitant with the existence of pliocene mammalia and the occurrence of pliocene raised beaches. “All the giants are not under Mount Ossa,” and it would be poor anthropology indeed that would restrict the traditions of giants to Greek and Bible mythologies. Slavonian countries, Russia especially, teem with legends about the bogaterey (mighty giants) of old; and their folklore, most of which has served for the foundation of national histories, their oldest songs, and their most archaic traditions, speak of the giants of old. Thus we may safely reject the modern theory that would make of the Titans mere symbols standing for cosmic forces. They were real living men, whether twenty or only twelve feet high. Even the Homeric heroes, who, of course, belonged to a far more recent period in the history of the races, appear to have wielded weapons of a size and weight beyond the strength of the strongest men of modern times.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2., pg. 754-55)

“That which is known and accepted is, that several races of gigantic men have existed and left distinct traces. In the journal of the Anthropological Institute (Vol. 1871, art. by Dr. C. Carter Blake) such a race is shown as having existed at Palmyra and possibly in Midian, exhibiting cranial forms quite different from those of the Jews. It is not improbable that another such race existed in Samaria, and that the mysterious people who built the stone circles in Galilee, hewed neolithic flints in the Jordan valley and preserved an ancient Semitic language quite distinct from the square Hebrew character — was of a very large stature. The English translations of the Bible can never be relied upon, even in their modern revised forms. They tell us of the Nephilim translating the word by “giants,” and further adding that they were “hairy” men, probably the large and powerful prototypes of the later satyrs so eloquently described by the patristic fancy; some of the Church Fathers assuring their admirers and followers that they had themselves seen these “Satyrs” — some alive, others pickled and preserved. The word “giants” being once adopted as a synonym of Nephilim, the commentators have since identified them with the sons of Anak. The filibusters who seized on the Promised Land, found a pre-existing population far exceeding their own in stature, and called it a race of giants. But the races of really gigantic men had disappeared ages before the birth of Moses. This tall people existed in Canaan, and even in Bashan, and may have had representatives in the Nabatheans of Midian. They were of far greater stature than the undersized Jews. Four thousand years ago their cranial conformation and large stature separated them from the children of Heber. Forty thousand years ago their ancestors may have been of still more gigantic size, and four hundred thousand years earlier they must have been in proportion to men in our days as the Brobdingnagians were to the Lilliputians.” (The Secret Doctrine. 1888. Vol. 2., pg. 755-56)

Unexplained Mysteries: 5 Discoveries That Could Prove Giants Exist?


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