Long, Long ago,
when people still believed
The term “Witch” in old Anglo-Saxon glossaries, is tied to wicce, meaning “pythoness, divinatricem.” As in this, in early forms, it referred to specific kinds of magical craft. In the Laws of Ælfred (c.890), wicce is seen as the craft of women — “wise (skilled) women in the art of magic”; and in the old German, wiccan (a verb), meant “to practice witchcraft.” Wicca by the time of the “Three Kings of Cologne” (c. 1400), was translated, (Gr.) “magi.”
There’s enough literature to date of these topics, to give you gladstones, and cut your heart out with. Reginald Scot (c. 16th century), a Member of Parliament, and writer of “The Discoverie of Witchcraft,” 1584, in his book stated, that in the English tongue, to call a woman a witch, meant she was a wise woman. W i s e, as to being skilled or “adept in the secrets” of Magic, and whatever the intention.
“Magike” (Gr), in the late 14c., meant the “art of influencing events and producing marvels using hidden natural forces.” One who performed magike, was a magos of the priestly class. In early Christian history, magic is inseparable from the religion, as it was amongst the oldest of nations. By certain practices, the inner god of man was said to show, through its natural power to command the service of the “gods,” or the potencies of Nature. The Witch drew their power of command from an adept knowledge of Potencies. They drew from a practical knowledge of the mutual sympathy of nature.
Magic then, was the power of communicating with these supermundane potencies; otherwise, it invoked the lower abodes.
“They,” said Iamblichus, “through the sacerdotal theurgy announce that they are able to ascend to more elevated and universal Essences, and to those that are established above fate, viz., to god and the demiurgus: neither employing matter, nor assuming any other things besides, except the observation of a sensible time,” (Thomas Taylor. 1821. Iamblichus on The Mysteries of the Egyptians, Chaldeans, and Assyrians). He alludes to the lucidity required, and possessed by demi-gods. These peculiar methods of thought, by which the subtle powers in man, go in operation, from their latency, may still exist in practical knowledge among few. If the witches, wizards, sorcerers, are seen in this light, it could not be seen as the practice, purely of those who reduce their knowledge to what Christians called devilish, evil sorcery.
Likewise, the old theurgists, as with the medieval mystics, deemed the practice described above, in their classes — goēteia. It is not a synonym for the occult; which is now synonymous, in the English common-sense, with “dark evil,” without any distinctions. What determines the latter from the work of the metaphysicians, and old theosophists, is in the intent. There are avenues pertaining to knowledge of the lower kind. It is not impossible to think, that genuine circles and covenants existed or presently, dedicated to the study of that side of knowledge. It doesn’t even have to be “covenants.”
Likewise with W i t c h c r a f t:
“Witchcraft was originally associated with spiritual practices but got a bad reputation at the hands of European and American orthodox Christians. Hence its present dictionary definition attributes to it “the exercise of supernatural powers” or “the use of sorcery or magic.” It is assumed that witches are in league with evil spirits or the Devil. However, the practice originally referred to priests (usually called “wizards” or “warlocks”) and priestesses (“witches”) of the old religion in Europe who discharged many functions in the community, such as farmers, doctors, or lawyers.” (Theosopedia, Witchcraft. online)
The term o c c u l t, simply means from its Latin, hidden; and therefore, applies to divine and terrestrial nature. The same power you will draw in the recesses of solitude, from within, through will, can be directed in strengthening emotions and “sinful passions.”
Very slippery slope. Don’t fall down!
“We really think that the word ‘witchcraft’ ought, once and for all, to be understood in the sense which properly belongs to it. Witchcraft may be conscious or unconscious. Certain wicked and dangerous results may be obtained through the mesmeric powers of a so-called sorcerer, who misuses his potential fluid; or again they may be achieved through an easy access of malicious tricky ‘spirits’ (so much the worse if human) to the atmosphere surrounding a medium.” (Helena P. Blavatsky, Isis Unveiled, Vol. II, pg. 117-18 fn.)
“Putting aside the unfavorable associations of the word “witchcraft,” it is probably true to state that where the question of good or evil are concerned a lot hinges on the motives of the practitioners.” (see Theosophical Encyclopedia)